5 Types of Cannabis Extraction Methods 

Cannabis flowers and cannabis extracts in jars and tinctures on wooden table

Cannabis flowers and cannabis extracts in jars and tinctures on wooden table

When it comes to cannabis, creating extracts is important, as this allows us to make a variety of products rather than simply just smoking flower. Since smoking isn’t everyone’s preference, or is difficult for those with particular medical conditions, such as asthma, having a variety of options available allows cannabis to be more accessible and functional. The products are sold at your local cannabis dispensary

 

Cannabis Extract Dosing

An extract is a concentrated form of cannabis. This means that it contains the ingredients that matter the most – cannabinoids. The creation of extracts allows for more accurate dosing and a stronger, longer-lasting product. Alcohol, butane, CO2, Cold Water, and ethanol are all common methods of cannabis extraction.

While cannabis is extremely safe to use, ensuring proper dosage is key to maximizing the health benefits that it has to offer. . Extracts allow manufacturers to know exactly how much of a cannabinoid is going into a product which means you are less likely to accidentally ingest too much. 

 

Butane Honey Oil Extraction 

One method that is used predominantly in the food and perfume industry is the butane honey oil (BHO) extraction method. For the start of this extraction process, cannabis is placed in a container prior to being sprayed with butane. Then, the cannabinoids and butane are collected in another container. 

After that, the mixture must be left so that the butane can evaporate properly, or a vacuum over may also be used to remove all of the butane as well. Due to the highly flammable nature of the substance, it is dangerous to do in certain conditions. Utilizing a closed-loop system specifically made for BHO extraction is much safer. 

As the end result, the BHO extraction should result in a substance that has about 80% THC levels.

 

Supercritical CO2 Oil Extraction 

A non-toxic, environmentally friendly method of separating cannabinoids from the cannabis plant is by using CO2 extraction. This method is highly effective and leaves behind zero toxins. This is great, especially because it is popularly used to be infused into beverages, such as beer, coffee, fruit extracts, and even teas. 

For the process itself, supercritical CO2 is heated and then passed through buds of cannabis. The liquid that is passed through the separator will help to remove any lingering CO2 gases from the trichomes and terpenes. 

In order to be an environmentally friendly method, the gas will go through a condenser, allowing it to be liquified once again and used in a future extraction process. This process is very specific and requires precise equipment, but is great for mixing waxes and oils. 

 

Ethanol Extraction

Because it is safe, efficient, and effective, a process that is rising in popularity is the ethanol extraction method. Ethanol is an organic chemical compound that is often used as a food preservative. According to FDA guidelines, it is considered ‘generally safe’ for consumption. 

To begin this process, a cannabis plant is soaked in ethanol to extract the THC. After that, the remaining product is put through a refining process, enhancing the purity of the product. The ethanol will work to remove any of the unwanted compounds, which aids in improving the flavor as well as the pure quality. 

Overall, this process focuses on creating an extract that is pure and well-refined. 

 

Cold Water Extraction

For a process that doesn’t use any sort of solvents or chemicals, opting for water extraction is a great choice. This method submerges the cannabis plant into a container or vat of freezing water. Then, the plant is stirred, causing the trichomes to separate and fall off. Once this happens, the trichomes will then pass through a series of screens.

While this process is relatively simplistic compared to the others, this results in a product that has anywhere from 50-70% THC levels. 

 

Isopropyl Oil Extraction

For this method, dried cannabis flowers are soaked in isopropyl alcohol and then shaken gently. The alcohol works to strip down the trichomes from the plant. From there, the mixture is strained into a dish. The solvent is removed using a special vacuum oven that keeps the temperature under 181 degrees. Once the solvent completely evaporates, the remaining substance is a THC-rich oil. 

Cannabis plant leaf next to vape pens with cannabis extract

Uses & Products

When it comes to actually using the extracts, it is important to take a look at the types of products they go into, and what options are available for purchase. 

 

  • Vaping
    Vaping is a popular choice, as it is portable, discrete, and you can choose from a variety of extracts and potency. The heating element in a vape is called the ‘atomizer’. When exposed to the atomizer, cannabis extracts are heated to the point of vaporization, which creates vapor rather than smoke. For those who don’t like to traditionally smoke, or who is after a different experience, try checking out vaping instead.  

 

  • Dabbing
    Another way to enjoy cannabis extracts is by dabbing them. This is a popular choice among the more experienced cannabis users as it does require some specialized hardware. However, this is a great way to increase potency while using less product. 

To learn more about this method, check out this in-depth article regarding dabbing and how to safely use it.

 

  • Infusing Edibles

Cannabis extracts can also be infused into food and beverages. This is an option for both THC and CBD extracts. 

Cannabinoids degrade when exposed to high temperatures, so it is recommended to add any extracts after the food or beverage is already fully cooked. Or, you can simply buy edibles professionally pre-made using various extracts. Reading the labels or product descriptions will aid you when trying to find the proper dosing as well.

 

Overall, the creation and usage of extracts is not a new concept to the world of cannabis, but learning about the varieties of options and how they are made helps the consumer become better informed. While you’re visiting a From The Earth shop, be sure to ask a team member more questions about what would be best for you, after all, the employees are there to help!  

The Best Cannabis Products to Get the Best Bang for Your Buck

Woman standing on deck near water smoking marijuana

Woman standing on deck near water smoking marijuana

 

When it comes to choosing cannabis products, there is a variety to go by, especially now as more and more states roll out legislation to legalize the usage of marijuana. Becoming educated on what is out there and available is extremely important, as we all want to get our hands on not only the best quality products but to make sure we are getting a good deal in the process. 

That being said, this can be an overwhelming and daunting task if you’re new to the world of cannabis or even if you are more seasoned but are simply looking to branch out and try some new products. We want to help curb any sort of overwhelming and make things a bit easier. After all, if you’re not having fun, what’s the point?

Below are some great brands that From The Earth carries that are sure to keep you high without putting a massive dent in your wallet.

 

The Quickest Effects

Depending on the type of high you’re after, different products have different effects. Some even take longer than others to process through the bloodstream. For example, smoking or vaping is the quickest way to get high and take only minutes to start feeling. But when it comes to edibles, they have to go through the digestive tract first, so any effects can take 30 or more minutes. Be wary when first trying an edible since they do take a bit to process. Don’t continue to consume past the recommended dose otherwise, you may end up feeling too high and having a less than desirable experience.   

If smoking or vaping isn’t for you, try other fast-acting products such as tinctures that you can put directly under your tongue or mix into teas or drinks. Some even prefer to use patches that can be added directly to your arm or shoulder blade, which is a simple but effective method.  

 

Outlitt

The Outlitt is your destination for bulk flower at the lowest price possible. Outlitt products are sourced from multi-generational farmers in humboldt county who have cultivation running through their blood. They utilize natural, eco-minded growing practices to produce the best version of the plant. They currently offer $110 half ounces and $200 full ounces out the door! All Outlitt flower is harvested at its optimal maturity to yield potent hand-trimmed buds with a spectrum of medical benefits, diverse flavor profiles, unique aromas, and free of any harmful substances. You can find Outlitt flower exclusively at any From The Earth location. . 

 

Shift

If you are a savvy shopper who wants a high-quality product at an affordable price, look no further than Shift brand products. They offer a wide selection of hand-crafted vapes and premium flower. Shift prides itself on providing you with some of the states most sought after genetics at an affordable price. Next time you are at From The Earth know that picking up one of these from the shelves is never a bad bet. 

 

Lime

The options from Lime come with several choices outside of just cannabis flower. If vaping is your preferred method of consumption, be sure to check out the quality cannabis located in their premium line of cartridges. Available in nine different flavors, each offers a rich flavor and a prime high. Some of their vapes are even rechargeable! 

 

Cresco

Cresco brings a huge assortment of products to the table, from flower to cartridges and even edibles. No matter what you’re after, this brand offers not only affordability but also, a diverse lineup of quality products to choose from. Extracts are a great way to get more for your money, as they tend to be highly concentrated, allowing you to take the dose that you want. They have several good options, including a Sativa strain and a hybrid strain

 

Kushy Punch

Edibles and gummies are growing in popularity, as not only are they delicious and fun to use, but they’re easy and convenient. From the lineup at Kushy Punch, their products are inexpensive but feature an array of choices. 

With strains of Sativa, Indica, or a hybrid blend, each one comes with a different type of high and side effects. For a sugar-free choice that leaves you with a long-lasting high, check out their Sativa gummies. Their Indica gummies can bring such benefits as a good nights’ rest and help with minor aches and pains. Or, for the biggest punch of all, be sure to check out their Private Reserve, made using a hybrid strain intended to knock you out within an hour.

 

Jetty

Another great brand for vaping and extracts is Jetty. Some of the noteworthy products by this manufacturer include the unique Lionheart Unrefined extract, made from a Jamaican strain of Sativa guaranteed to bring a clean, quality high. Or for a fun product featuring a high as iconic as its name, the Pineapple Express pod is a cartridge that lives up to its hype and is certainly worth the price.

 

Close up of mans hand holding a joint

Dispensary Focused on Value 

While this is not a cumulative list of all the great cannabis products for sale at From The Earth, it does cover many bases and popular brands. However, nothing can compete with browsing the easy-to-use shopping function on the website, which has a user-friendly navigation system and allows customers to filter by all sorts of attributes, including brands, classifications, categories, and more! There, you can browse through thousands of different products online that feature detailed and informational descriptions. And don’t just take our word for it – take a moment to read over customer reviews and see what they have to say about a particular product you have your eye on. This will also help provide an accurate picture to make sure you’re getting the most out of your money. 

Plus, From The Earth is a recreational cannabis dispensary that is focused on value, giving customers the most bang for their buck in all aspects, including free curbside pick and even delivery on thousands of in-store products. Of course, if you have questions, you can always come in and speak with a member of our knowledgeable and helpful staff. After all, helping you achieve your best quality high is their goal, too! 

Cannabis Landrace Strains and the Origin of Indica Vs Sativa

Close up of hand holding jar with cannabis and flower in the background laid out on table

Close up of hand holding jar with cannabis and flower in the background laid out on table

Over the past decade, we have seen the cannabis industry evolve from an illicit market to a booming multi-billion dollar industry. In a not-so-distant past, the consumption, possession, and growing of hemp and cannabis would lead to serious jail time and consequences. As cannabis legalization continues to sweep across the nation, things seem to finally be taking a turn for the better. With 36 states allowing medical use and 16 having legalized adult use, professionally curated dispensaries and perfectly packaged goods are becoming the norm.

As the legality of cannabis continues to expand across not just the United States but the world, the industry is in a state of evolution and transformation. With the infusion of cannabis in a variety of our everyday products such as food, beverages, beauty products, and more – you are no longer limited to simply smoking flower. 

Watching how the industry has progressed is truly remarkable. Though the flower you see packaged on cannabis dispensary shelves today is much different from the genetic makeup of the original landrace strains. In fact, all cannabis can genetically be traced back to one single cultivar grown in the Hindu Mountain region of what is now Afghanistan and Pakistan. As trading and migration of humans occurred, cannabis began to make its way around the world. This highly versatile crop easily adapted to each country’s unique climate, making landrace strains the first cannabis crops grown in different regions throughout the world. 

 

The Origins of Sativa

The term sativa has many different meanings though when it’s used today, most people use it to describe the effects of a strain. So when people say sativa, they likely are referring to a more uplifting, energizing, or creative high.

Scientifically speaking, sativa is used to describe the anatomy of the plant. Traditionally, sativa’s are known for being tall with thin narrow leaves and wispy flowers. Sativa’s origins can be traced back to the warm southern climates. The increased sunshine, warmer temperatures, and prolonged summers in these climates help them achieve their full growth potential.

 

The Origins of Indica

Unlike its counterpart, Sativa, Indica was not a globetrotter. Instead, it was reserved and isolated to solely arid and mountainous regions, primarily across different parts of the middle east, such as Afghanistan and Pakistan. 

This cannabis is indefinable by its broad leaves, short stature, and dense flowers.  Indica strain names today pay homage to the places they were cultivated. Think ‘Afhagni’ and ‘Hindu Kush’, for example. 

 

Terroir: What does it mean? 

A landrace marijuana strain is one of the first strains grown in various regions throughout the world, and oftentimes, they carry a name that hints at their origin – ‘Thai’, ‘Durban Poison’, ‘Acapulco Gold’, and more are some well-known examples of this. As time went on, the various growing practices and environments particular to these locations influenced the plants’ unique characteristics, affecting both appearance and chemistry. A technical term for this is ‘terroir’. 

When considering this concept, think of how wines are classified. French wines are named for what region the grapes are grown in, as this helped determine the flavor of the wine, attributing to such characteristics as ‘body’ and ‘dryness’. When you hear the classifications of ‘Bordeaux’ or ‘ Merlot’, these indicate the region or area the wine is from. This same system is used for the origins of cannabis. Consider it a geography lesson each time you spark up!

 

Close up shot of cannabis leaves in field at sundown with sun glowing in the background

 

Are landrace strains still around?

It wasn’t until the late ‘70s that people began to intentionally cross-breed Sativa and Indica together, creating a hybrid of the two. By doing this, they were able to create a plant that harbored the best of both strains, essentially weeding out unwanted characteristics that could weaken the plant’s health and production. 

In the current cannabis market, these hybrids have become the norm. Rather than smoking a pure landrace strain, consumers today enjoy a  hybrid descending from the landrace genetics instead. That is the biggest difference between the cannabis enjoyed in the ‘60s and ‘70s and what’s on today’s shelves.

 

Are landraces more potent than regular strains?

While this answer can vary based on the specific strain and how and where it was grown, the bottom line is no, probably not. The hybrid strains bred today are specifically geared to providing a high potency, among other advantageous characteristics. 

 

Is it hard to find landrace strains?

Because they are not grown on a large scale today, landrace strains can be a bit more difficult to come by. However, they do carry somewhat of a cult following, those dedicated to these original strains still carry them on the current market. Sometimes, they are referred to under the term ‘heirloom’ strains, referencing to how they’ve been passed down through the ages. They are produced in small batches and carry the genetics of the landrace, though they lack the original terroir. 

Until the world cannabis market opens up more and legalization happens on a broader scale, giving us access to direct landrace strains from various parts of the planet, there are still a few heirloom finds you can get at your local cannabis dispensary. If you’re truly curious to give these a try, make sure to ask your local dispensary to see if they have some in stock.

 

Back to the Roots

While it is on the shelves bred for superiority as far as potency and flavor, it’s important to remember where cannabis truly began. Exploring these original strains gives us a better idea regarding the strides that the cannabis industry has made, offering up a better insight regarding exactly what our parents and grandparents smoked back in the ‘60s and ‘70s. Because of their groundwork with creating hybrids, we are able to enjoy more refined and potent cannabis products today. 

 

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