What is CBG?

CBG molecule make up with cannabis flower in the background

CBG molecule make up with cannabis flower in the background

When discussing cannabinoids, THC and CBD tend to be the frontrunners, as they are the most commonly seen in products and prevalent within the cannabis community. THC and CBD exist in thousands of products, ranging from traditional flower to edibles to massage oils.

However, did you know that there are over one hundred different, unique cannabinoids out there? This includes CBG. While it is lesser-known, it is worth learning about for a number of reasons. 

And why is that? Well, first, we need to explore what CBG is and what it means.

 

What is CBG and how is it made?

CBG is short for cannabigerol and it is present in most cannabis strains, though it is usually only about 1%. That is why it is considered a minor cannabinoid. Cannabis plants produce cannabigerol acid (CBGA), which serves as a precursor to the three main cannabinoid lines: THCA, CBDA, and CBCA.

Specific enzymes work together within the plant to break down CBGA and route it to the three lines. Once those acids are exposed to elements such as heat or ultraviolet light, they become the cannabinoids we already know: THC and CBD. 

Recently, breeders have begun experimenting with genetic manipulation and cross-breeding plants in order to get a higher yield of CBG. By zeroing in on the best extraction time, scientists have been able to extract even higher amounts of CBG. Typically, the best extraction time is about six to eight weeks within the flowering cycle. 
 

Close up of marijuana plant growing outside

 

Potential Medical Benefits

Now that some of the technical talk and science is behind us, let’s explore why it’s important to look closer at CBG: the possible medical benefits. 

The human body is equipped with the ECS, or better known as the endocannabinoid system. The ECS works to keep the body balanced and achieve homeostasis, which is physiological equilibrium. 

In general, the endocannabinoid system helps to perform various functions specific to each area of the body, from the brain to the skin. As an example, when you are injured and suffering from inflammation, the ECS can help regulate immune cells to help limit inflammation and pain. 

  • Eye structures: Endocannabinoid receptors are especially prevalent with eye structures. CBG is thought to be particularly helpful with issues such as glaucoma because it reduces intraocular pressure. It is also a strong vasodilator and comes with the added benefit of a neuroprotective.

  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease: In a study conducted on rats, CBG was found to help decrease the inflammation characteristic of IBS. IBS affects over 200 thousand Americans each year and can have a debilitating effect and keep them functioning within normal life. By exploring CBG for IBS, it could make treatment more readily available and prove relief. 
  • Nerve Cell Degeneration: Huntington’s disease is a well-known degenerative disease that affects the brain. In a 2015 study conducted on mice with Huntington’s Disease, CBG was shown to protect neurons in the brain. This could mean new opportunities for older adults who have a predisposition to Huntington’s due to genetics.

  • Cancer Fighter: Great promise has been shown for CBG as far as its ability to aid in fighting cancer. Specifically, studies have showcased CBG’s ability to block receptors that can cause cancer cell growth. In a study conducted on mice, CBG was shown to inhibit the growth of colorectal cancer cells, therefore slowing colon cancer growth. CBG inhibited tumors and chemically-induced colon carcinogenesis.

  • Anti-bacterial agent: Ever since the 1950s, topical formulations of cannabis have proven to be an effective solution for skin infections, even if at the time researchers were unaware of the plant’s chemical make-up. Evidence has shown that CBG is also effective as a means of an antibacterial agent, especially against the aggressive and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, or better known as MRSA. This is a huge breakthrough as many microbial strains have evolved and become resistant to several classes of drugs.

  • Appetite inducer: While being an appetite-inducer is also a health benefit of THC, harnessing CBG can be a non-psychoactive way of achieving such a benefit. Cachexia is the metabolic mutiny that occurs in cancer patients who see major weight loss and muscle mass deterioration. Research has shown that a form of purified CBG was able to be an appetite stimulant in rats.

  • Bladder Disorders: When five different cannabinoids were put to the test against bladder contraction, CBG proved to be the front-runner and inhibiting muscle contractions. Because of this, it could be the future of preventing bladder dysfunction disorders.

 

As more and more research is conducted on CBG, we could very well see new products featuring this particular cannabinoid so that it is more readily accessible to the public. Being able to include CBG could mean more advances in cannabis for medical use and an all-natural way to treat some of the disorders that we explored above.

Overall, CBG is also worth exploring because of its non-psychotropic characteristics. A psychotropic is any drug that has an effect on behavior, mood, thoughts, or perception. This would make CBG a great candidate for potential use as an antidepressant, treating psoriasis, and even for pain relief. 

 

Visit From The Earth

If you have more questions about cannabis, THC, CBD, and other strains that are on the market, please come in and visit our recreational marijuana dispensary in Santa Ana, CA. Our staff is highly trained and extremely knowledgeable in what products and strains are able to help with specific disorders, and we just want you to be up and back to feeling your best. 

Before visiting, you can even explore our online menu and check out what types of products we have to offer. With hundreds of items available on our shelves, we are sure to have the right option for you. If you are in need of a starting point, head over to our blog and review our favorite products for fall.

Don’t forget that you can also get curbside pick up or even delivery if you’re in the mood for staying in! The process is very fast and user-friendly. 

Outdoor Cultivation 101

Woman holding pot with young weed plant

Woman holding pot with young weed plant

If you’re looking to start growing your own weed outdoors, it can be a bit difficult to know where to begin. With all of the information out there, we want to help you sift through the extra stuff and provide you with a quick 101 guide to growing your own weed outdoors. While it may seem like a complicated process at first glance, the truth remains that all you really need is a little sun, a little water, and a lot of patience and care. 

Just like with growing any plants outdoors, depending on where you live also dictates the growing process. But if you have a sunny spot in your private yard, or even on your balcony, terrace, or rooftop, odds are good that even you can grow some cannabis yourself. 

Before embarking on this new journey, take a moment to review the benefits of growing, as well as some beginners’ tips and tricks to help make the process smoother and more enjoyable. 

 

Benefits of Growing Weed Outdoors

While you can always buy your own weed, of course, there are certainly some benefits to growing outdoors. Check them out below!

Affordable Start-Up: If you have ever tried to grow weed indoors, you know that it can be very expensive. You need all of the proper equipment, including the correct lights, AC units, dehumidifiers… and well, it adds up quickly and can certainly take a toll on your wallet. However, when growing outdoors, you will just need some soil, fertilizer, seeds or clones, and maybe even a small greenhouse just to get the plants started.

Better Yields: When you grow indoors, you are limited to how much weed you can yield. However, the sky can be the limit with outdoor plants! As long as they’re still manageable, you can let them get as big or as tall as you’d like. Just one plant can potentially produce between a half-pound and full-pound of dried weed. It will be more than worth your time and investment.

Good for the Environment: Growing indoors has a time and a place, but overall, it can be considered a bit wasteful. All of those lights, dehumidifiers, and fans use up a lot of energy and electricity. When growing outdoors, the biggest elements you need – the sun, wind, and rain – are all free! 

Mental Health Boost: Gardening can be very relaxing. It can serve as a great way to unplug from our electronics and connect with the earth with ample opportunity for fresh air and plenty of sunshine. This is sure to give you a boost of serotonin! Plus, there is nothing like the pride that comes with enjoying something you grew with your own two hands!

Marijuana plant growing outside in sunshine

 

How to Set Up Your Outdoor Space

Before you begin, keep the following important considerations in mind.

Local Climate: Prior to beginning, the first thing that you need to be aware of is the climate in your area. While cannabis is highly adaptable and can thrive in various conditions, it is still quite susceptible to extreme weather.

When the sustained temperatures reach above 85°F, cannabis plants will stop growing. On the other hand, when sustained temperatures reach below 55°F, it can be harmful and can even stunt the plants to the point of death.

Heavy rains and high winds can also reduce the quality of yields or cause physical damage to plants. During the flowering stage, excessive moisture can lead to mold or mildew. 

Location, Location, Location: After you have an idea of the climate in your area, it’s time to pick the perfect spot! There are a few tips you should consider.

  • Sunlight: In order to thrive and grow correctly, weed needs full, direct sunlight for at least six hours a day. Initially, your backyard might seem like a good spot, but if it doesn’t achieve this amount of sunlight, then it may not be the most ideal choice after all. The best sun is achieved during midday, as that is where it has the best quality for nourishing plants. As fall approaches and the days get shorter, it will trigger the flowering stage.

  •  Wind: While having a constant breeze is good for your plants, especially in areas of hotter climates, too much wind can be damaging. If you are in a particularly windy spot, consider planting your cannabis near a windbreak of some sort, such as a wall, fence, or large shrubbery.

  • Privacy & Security: Unfortunately, when growing cannabis, there is always a concern for privacy and security. Whether that is from nosy neighbors or potential thieves, you want to protect your assets. Unless you live in a more secluded area, you can opt for tall fences or large trees or shrubs. Remember, most state laws require that cannabis plants be concealed from view from the street.

The Right Dirt: The soil that you use for growing is extremely important, as it is literally the area in which the plant will spend most of its life. Most outdoor weed growers will do one of two options: they will plant directly into the earth and then add fresh soil, or they will use a pot or planter. 

If you go the first route and plant directly into the ground using pre-existing soil, you might consider getting a soil test first. These are usually very affordable and can save you a lot of headaches in the long run. A simple soil test will tell you the makeup and pH of your soil, if there are any contaminants present, and what sort of materials or fertilizers would work well with your soil. 

When planting in a pot or planter, you can curate your growing experience a little better by choosing the potting soil in advance. This will also help make it easier to move the plant should you need to get it out of extreme elements, such as a thunderstorm or cold snap. 

 

Visit Your Local Dispensary 

If you have more questions, pop by and visit your local weed dispensary in Santa Ana. Our team here at From The Earth is ready to assist you by answering questions and providing insight on any concerns that you might have. We want to cultivate an environment that is welcoming and friendly. By doing so, we can offer top-of-the-line, personalized customer service.  

(877) 278-1016