Cannabis Landrace Strains and the Origin of Indica Vs Sativa

Close up of hand holding jar with cannabis and flower in the background laid out on table

Close up of hand holding jar with cannabis and flower in the background laid out on table

Over the past decade, we have seen the cannabis industry evolve from an illicit market to a booming multi-billion dollar industry. In a not-so-distant past, the consumption, possession, and growing of hemp and cannabis would lead to serious jail time and consequences. As cannabis legalization continues to sweep across the nation, things seem to finally be taking a turn for the better. With 36 states allowing medical use and 16 having legalized adult use, professionally curated dispensaries and perfectly packaged goods are becoming the norm.

As the legality of cannabis continues to expand across not just the United States but the world, the industry is in a state of evolution and transformation. With the infusion of cannabis in a variety of our everyday products such as food, beverages, beauty products, and more – you are no longer limited to simply smoking flower. 

Watching how the industry has progressed is truly remarkable. Though the flower you see packaged on cannabis dispensary shelves today is much different from the genetic makeup of the original landrace strains. In fact, all cannabis can genetically be traced back to one single cultivar grown in the Hindu Mountain region of what is now Afghanistan and Pakistan. As trading and migration of humans occurred, cannabis began to make its way around the world. This highly versatile crop easily adapted to each country’s unique climate, making landrace strains the first cannabis crops grown in different regions throughout the world. 

 

The Origins of Sativa

The term sativa has many different meanings though when it’s used today, most people use it to describe the effects of a strain. So when people say sativa, they likely are referring to a more uplifting, energizing, or creative high.

Scientifically speaking, sativa is used to describe the anatomy of the plant. Traditionally, sativa’s are known for being tall with thin narrow leaves and wispy flowers. Sativa’s origins can be traced back to the warm southern climates. The increased sunshine, warmer temperatures, and prolonged summers in these climates help them achieve their full growth potential.

 

The Origins of Indica

Unlike its counterpart, Sativa, Indica was not a globetrotter. Instead, it was reserved and isolated to solely arid and mountainous regions, primarily across different parts of the middle east, such as Afghanistan and Pakistan. 

This cannabis is indefinable by its broad leaves, short stature, and dense flowers.  Indica strain names today pay homage to the places they were cultivated. Think ‘Afhagni’ and ‘Hindu Kush’, for example. 

 

Terroir: What does it mean? 

A landrace marijuana strain is one of the first strains grown in various regions throughout the world, and oftentimes, they carry a name that hints at their origin – ‘Thai’, ‘Durban Poison’, ‘Acapulco Gold’, and more are some well-known examples of this. As time went on, the various growing practices and environments particular to these locations influenced the plants’ unique characteristics, affecting both appearance and chemistry. A technical term for this is ‘terroir’. 

When considering this concept, think of how wines are classified. French wines are named for what region the grapes are grown in, as this helped determine the flavor of the wine, attributing to such characteristics as ‘body’ and ‘dryness’. When you hear the classifications of ‘Bordeaux’ or ‘ Merlot’, these indicate the region or area the wine is from. This same system is used for the origins of cannabis. Consider it a geography lesson each time you spark up!

 

Close up shot of cannabis leaves in field at sundown with sun glowing in the background

 

Are landrace strains still around?

It wasn’t until the late ‘70s that people began to intentionally cross-breed Sativa and Indica together, creating a hybrid of the two. By doing this, they were able to create a plant that harbored the best of both strains, essentially weeding out unwanted characteristics that could weaken the plant’s health and production. 

In the current cannabis market, these hybrids have become the norm. Rather than smoking a pure landrace strain, consumers today enjoy a  hybrid descending from the landrace genetics instead. That is the biggest difference between the cannabis enjoyed in the ‘60s and ‘70s and what’s on today’s shelves.

 

Are landraces more potent than regular strains?

While this answer can vary based on the specific strain and how and where it was grown, the bottom line is no, probably not. The hybrid strains bred today are specifically geared to providing a high potency, among other advantageous characteristics. 

 

Is it hard to find landrace strains?

Because they are not grown on a large scale today, landrace strains can be a bit more difficult to come by. However, they do carry somewhat of a cult following, those dedicated to these original strains still carry them on the current market. Sometimes, they are referred to under the term ‘heirloom’ strains, referencing to how they’ve been passed down through the ages. They are produced in small batches and carry the genetics of the landrace, though they lack the original terroir. 

Until the world cannabis market opens up more and legalization happens on a broader scale, giving us access to direct landrace strains from various parts of the planet, there are still a few heirloom finds you can get at your local cannabis dispensary. If you’re truly curious to give these a try, make sure to ask your local dispensary to see if they have some in stock.

 

Back to the Roots

While it is on the shelves bred for superiority as far as potency and flavor, it’s important to remember where cannabis truly began. Exploring these original strains gives us a better idea regarding the strides that the cannabis industry has made, offering up a better insight regarding exactly what our parents and grandparents smoked back in the ‘60s and ‘70s. Because of their groundwork with creating hybrids, we are able to enjoy more refined and potent cannabis products today. 

 

5 CBD Products to Help You Relieve Stress

Cannabis wellness, tincutures

Cannabis wellness, tincutures

 

With April being ‘Stress Awareness Month’, there is no better time to discuss it, as it is a growing problem that affects millions of Americans every single day. We all encounter stress on some level, whether it be at home, at work, or just in general regarding everything going on in the world. It serves to be a detriment to our health, breaking us down both mentally and physically. 

 Getting proper sleep, having a balanced diet, and participating in regular exercise have great benefits and are all a part of the typical course of action. There are many other natural remedies for stress relief but one that stands out amongst the rest is CBD.

 

What is CBD?

As a quick explanation, CBD is an oil that is extracted from a cannabis plant. Its longer, scientific name is ‘cannabidiol’, and is one of the 100+ different cannabinoids found in a cannabis plant. These cannabinoids are found in the leaves and the buds of cannabis plants and are then extracted and separated.

Once it has been extracted, CBD is a colorless, crystalline structure. At room temperature, it exists in its purest form. CBD can either be derived from a marijuana or a hemp plant. However, CBD that comes from marijuana crops tend to be more potent and effective than when it comes from hemp. The use of CBD has many benefits, including the relief of pain, stress, anxiety, and more. In some cases, it has even been shown to help with seizure disorders.

 

Chronic Stress & Anxiety

Before determining which CBD products would work best for you, it’s important to take a moment to discern which is your primary concern: are you stressed, anxious, or both? Some people use the terms interchangeably, and while they can work in tandem and feature many of the same physical and emotional symptoms, they are not the same.

Stress is what your body does in response to a situation. When examining stress a little closer, it’s easy to tell that stress is not just about feeling irritated and frazzled. That may be the initial, surface-level reaction, however, compiling stress can segue into something much more dangerous. Fatigue, headaches, stomach ulcers, memory loss, and an altered sleep cycle are just a few of the negative, chronic side effects. 

Anxiety is a reaction to the aforementioned stress. Some effects of anxiety on the body can include high blood pressure, panic attacks, breathing problems, fatigue, and irritability. CBD can help aid some of these conditions, though some anxiety disorders may require additional medication and/or counseling. Check out these great CBD products that you can pick up from the best cannabis online store, From The Earth.

 

1. Bath Bomb

When it comes to self-care, one of the first, easy remedies that we see recommended is a classic bubble bath. For some people, there is nothing quite like a hot soak in a bathtub to melt our troubles away, however, it can be enhanced by adding a simple product – a mood-stabilizing 1:1 bath bomb. 

This product is made with CBD and essential oils, meant to smell refreshing and calming as well as aid in restoring the body and the mind. By appealing to many senses at once, you can let the stress of the day leave your mind while you relax. With a perfectly blended mixture of cannabinoids and all-natural essential oils, this bath bomb helps create an immersive, full-body experience. 

 

2. Gummies

A great option that can work for mild stress relief is chewable gummies. These are typically convenient to carry, are easily consumed, and often are sold in a wide variety of delicious flavors and textures. So odds are high that you will find something to suit your taste buds. A popular option at From The Earth is their mixed berry 18:1 CBD gummies. With little to no psychoactivity, this a CBD dominant option that is is great for alleviating mild stress symptoms as you go about your day.

 

3. Balms or Lotions

Stress can take a physical toll on the body, as we have learned. Sometimes, this can manifest into aches and pains that are felt throughout our body. We tend to hold onto tension in highly worked areas of our neck, back, and shoulders. Chronic pain alone can prove to exacerbate our situation, creating a vicious cycle that we can’t shake. 

CBD-rich balms or lotions are perfect for relaxing your body without the high.  The best cannabis online store, From The Earth, features several great topical products, including Papa & Barkley’s CBD Rich Releaf Balm. This particular balm is infused with organic oils, including eucalyptus, tea tree, peppermint, and lavender. Combined with CBD & a minimal amount of THC that creates a powerful mixture meant to soothe and relax while providing you with some pain relief. 

Cannabis choclate, edibles

4. Chocolate

For those with a sweet tooth, munching on candy, chocolate, or other quick, sugary products is oftentimes a go-to for bringing about some mild stress relief. These sugary snacks tend to release endorphins simply because they taste good and make us happy. However, pairing the simplicity of enjoying chocolate with the powerful healing qualities of CBD can result in something truly delightful.

Dark chocolate sea salt or delicious milk chocolate are just two of the rich flavors that can be purchased at From The Earth. Their selection of products with   CBD, THC, or both is top-notch. There surely is something for everyone in their online cannabis store. Remember, you can also order ahead on their website and choose curbside pick-up or opt to pick up in-store. Some locations feature same-day delivery that is quick & easy to use and created for your convenience. 

 

5. Tablinguals

One product that is not as often thought of due to its size and rather inconspicuous appearance are tablinguals. These tablets are small and usually packaged in a relatively non-descript box, made to look like gum or breath mints, such as these Remedy CBD Tablinguals. Coming in flavors such as spearmint or peppermint, these offer a refreshing way to add a quick yet discreet pick-me-up to your day.

The next time you need a bit of stress relief, turn to the best cannabis online store, From The Earth, and order your favorite soothing CBD products. Order online and choose from delivery or curbside pickup. You’re guaranteed to be stress-free in no time.

Terpenes 101: What it is and How it Works

Woman holding cannabis up to nose, smelling aroma

Woman holding cannabis up to nose, smelling aroma

Being a part of the cannabis community you have probably heard the word terpene thrown around quite a bit. But do you actually know what it is and what it refers to? 

 

What are Terpenes?

Terpenes come from cannabinoids, just like CBD and THC, and are the aromatic oils that give cannabis its distinct flavors, like citrus, berry or pine. They also play two major roles in every plant’s life as they are the primary component of resin and they protect the flowers from predators.

Terpenes are the most common plant chemical in nature and found in a variety of plants such as flowers, fruits, vegetables, herbs and cannabis. These microscopic aromatic compounds are what give cannabis its distinct aromas like citrus, pine, diesel, or spice.

Cannabis produces over 200 different terpenes though only about 30 of them are found in significant quantities. These terpenes are stored with fats and cannabinoids in delicate resinous glands known as trichomes. 

The way a cannabis plant smells or tastes depends on a number of factors. Everything from genetics, climate, weather, fertilizer, age, soil type, and even the time of day can impact cannabis’s terpene profile.

Terpenes are found throughout the natural world and in various consumer products.  Beauty products, essential oils and even perfumes are infused with terpenes. Some industries use synthetic terpenes which are commonly used for flavoring or as a food additive. 

 

What do Terpenes do?

Studies suggest that terpenes play a key role in differentiating the effects of various cannabis strains. The relationship between cannabis and its effects is known as the entourage effect. This explains that consuming the whole plant has greater effects than each of its individual parts. So terpenes, cannabinoids, flavonoids, and other botanical compounds interact synergistically to produce enhanced effects.

While many of us use indica, sativa, & hybrid to describe the effects we are looking for, we really should be talking about terpenes. Indica and Sativa describe the plant’s anatomy – sativas grow tall and have long thin leaves, while indicas are short and stocky with wide leaves. Thanks to modern science, we know a few things about terpenes, and that is each has a unique set of effects it is known to enact. 

Let’s take Terpinolene for example. This terpene has fruity notes and is typically found in energetic, uplifting strains like Super Lemon Haze and Jack Herer. However, Pinene is often found in focused and relaxing strains like OG Kush,  Strawberry Cough, and Harlequin a CBD-dominant strain.. 

If you want to dive in more to see the connection between terpenes and your favorite strain of cannabis, check out this great, interactive strain finder from Leafly

 

Cannabis farm, cannabis plants, grow house

 

What are the Different Terpenes and Their Flavor Profiles?

Now that you know terpenes play such a large role in the flavor profile of cannabis strains, let’s take a look at each terpene and their unique flavors and how they affect you and your high. This way, the next time you stop by your local greenleaf dispensary, you will know even more about the cannabis you are looking for. 

 

Myrcene

Myrcene is the most abundant terpene found in cannabis and is often recognized for its earthy flavor and scent.  Outside of being used in beauty products or perfumes, myrcene is known to promote sleep and relaxation. It is also known for reducing inflammation and chronic pain, and is often recommended as a supplement for cancer treatments.One study found that myrcene makes up about 65% of the total terpene profile in some cannabis strains. 

Myrcene’s notable earthy smell is paired with spicy and musky notes.. Some cannabis strains that contain a high percentage of myrcene are White Widow, Blue Dream, and Special Kush.

 

Limonene

Like its name suggests, limonene has a citrusy aroma which comes as no surprise since all citrus fruits contain large amounts of limonene. Limonene is commonly used in cleaning products and cosmetics due to its antifungal and antibacterial properties  One study even found that it played a role in reducing the size of a tumor. 

Similar to myrcene, limonene is the second most abundant terpene in all cannabis strains but is not necessarily in all of them. It is known for its therapeutic properties and helps to improve mood and reduce stress. 

When shopping at your local From The Earthdispensary an indicator that a strain includes limonene is if they have “lemon” or “sour” in their name. This is because of limonene’s distinct zesty citrus aroma. 

Some cannabis strains with high amounts of limonene in them are O.G. Kush, Super Lemon Haze, Cookies and Cream, and Sour Diesel. 

 

Linalool

Linalool is a terpene that is also found in lavender, mint, cinnamon and coriander. It is also the terpene most responsible for the recognizable smell of cannabis with its spicy and floral notes. 

You will find people who suffer from arthritis, depression, insomnia, seizures, and even cancer all turn to linalool for relief. It could be that, just like the aromatic herbs it’s found in, it too contains strong sedative and relaxing properties. 

The next time you would like to unwind and destress, check out some of these options from your local cannabis dispensary; Special Kush, LA Confidential, OG Shark, or Amnesia Haze

 

Humulene

This terpene is typically found in hops and contains earthy, woody, and spicy notes. Aside from cannabis, you can also find humulene in black pepper, clove, and sage. 

Some research has found a variety of medicinal properties associated with this terpene. It has been shown to be anti-proliferative, meaning it prevents cancer cells from growing in the body. It has also been proven to suppress appetite, which suggests that it could potentially help with weight loss. And like many other terpenes, it also fights against bacterial infections, is an anti-inflammatory and pain reliever. 

Some popular cannabis strains you can find that contain high amounts of humulene are Skywalker OG, Headband, Girl Scout Cookies, and Pink Kush. 

 

Conclusion

When it comes to understanding cannabis, there are many things to keep in mind. Before heading to your local From The Earth dispensary, do a little research and decide what types of strains you are interested in. Think of the effects you are wanting to feel as well as the flavor profile you would like to try. Are you wanting something high in THC or CBD?

Then stop by your local From The Earth cannabis dispensary or head online to our website and make your purchase online. You can choose to have your items delivered to you or pick up curbside at the cannabis dispensary near you. 

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